Nov 14, 2018 ISS Comments (0)
The use of scents to aid sleep goes back to ancient times. In ancient Egypt things such as henna, frankincense, myrrh, cinnamon & cypress were burned to help induce sleep and enhance dreams. In Rome, the use of chamomile was common to help one relax. Fast forward a couple thousand years, and we are seeing growing research exploring the ability of odours to promote sleep.
Thus far, research has mostly focused on lavender, with studies suggesting that exposure to it prior to sleep can:
Scents that are scientifically proven to promote relaxation and improve sleep quality include:
Join us in Singapore for our Fatigue Management & Human Factors in our 24-hour Society event in March 2019 to find out more about sleep and fatigue management. Click here for tickets and more information.
We are running a December discount offering 25% off all tickets for our blog readers (with the exception of student tickets). Please use the promotion code FatigueInsider in the site (noting that the code is case sensitive and there is no space between the two words). Don’t forget to share the code with your friends and colleagues.
Oct 31, 2018 ISS Comments (0)
Fatigue continues to be a widespread problem for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) personnel. Both mental and physical fatigue can affect EMS personnel, due to the intensity of the job and working shifts, which we know disrupts normal patterns of sleep and circadian rhythms. Studies have found significantly higher levels of fatigue and mental health issues amongst paramedics, as well as significantly poorer sleep quality compared to other industries.
Near misses and accidents involving EMS personnel, where fatigue was a contributing factor, continue to occur. Earlier this year, an Emergency Medical Technician in the USA was killed when the technician driving the ambulance fell asleep at the wheel, colliding into another vehicle.
Evidence-based Guidelines for Fatigue Risk Management in EMS were recently published in the Prehospital Emergency Care journal recommend:
Oct 24, 2018 ISS Comments (0)
"When the day is long... And the night, the night is yours alone" to sleep a full 7-8 hours! Although it may seem like your body ‘shuts down’ during sleep,
it is an active time for your brain and many physiological processes. During sleep, your brain goes through different stages, with some lighter stages
of sleep (referred to as stages 1 and 2), and some deeper stages of sleep (stages 3 and 4). There is also a fifth stage of sleep known as rapid eye
movement sleep, or REM sleep. It is during this stage that your heart rate increases, your breathing becomes more irregular and dreams are most likely
A normal night-time sleep period occurs in cycles of approximately 90 minutes. The duration of sleep stages within each cycle changes throughout the night and varies person to person. Typically, a sleep cycle will begin with a period of non-REM sleep followed by a very short period of REM sleep. The duration of REM sleep increases with the cycles while you are sleeping. Throughout a full night's rest, the average person will spend 20-25% of their sleep in REM.
REM sleep is the restorative part of our sleep cycle. It is very important for emotion regulation and memory and is also the peak of protein synthesis at the cellular level, which keeps many processes in the body working properly. Decreased sleep duration interferes primarily with REM sleep and dreaming since the body devotes deeper non-REM sleep to shorter hours of sleep. A recent study has shown that REM sleep loss is associated with increased inflammatory responses, increased risk for obesity, and memory problems.
Oct 17, 2018 ISS Comments (0)
A lot of us have been fatigued behind the wheel and battled to keep our focus on the road. We've relied on the usual tactics to try to keep ourselves awake including winding the windows down and belting out our best rendition of Madonna as it's blaring through the speakers (ok, maybe just some of us!). Nodding off, or experiencing microsleeps, is really the worst case scenario. But being fatigued while driving can be enough to impair you alone, without actually experiencing a microsleep.
Someone who is fatigued will often experience slower reaction times, reduced ability to concentrate and delays in interpreting information. Driving in this state could easily result in a traffic incident or accident.
The human body will naturally cycle through intervals of sleepiness and alertness, better known as the circadian rhythm. The window of circadian low (WOCL)
is a period between
To avoid driver fatigue, we recommend to:
Oct 10, 2018 ISS Comments (0)
Have you ever been prescribed sleeping pills? Prescription medication to aid sleep during times of transient sleep loss can provide much-needed relief.
They can be quite effective at helping you fall asleep, however, if misused it is very easy to become dependent on the use of the medication, either
physically or emotionally.
In a 2012 study, researchers compared over 10,000 people who took sleeping pills with nearly twice as many people with similar health histories who did not take sleeping pills. It was found that those who took sleeping pills were more than four times as likely to have died during the study’s 2.5-year follow-up as those who didn’t take them. While the study shows an association between sleeping pills and death, it does not prove them as the cause. The problem may lie in overuse or activities that are undertaken while experiencing the drowsy side-effects of sleeping pills, such as driving or operating heavy machinery.
Sleeping pills are not the long-term answer to sleep problems and should only be used for short periods of time because of tolerance to the drug and the risk of dependency. It is important to follow the advice given to you by your doctor. Also, never take sleeping pills when travelling on aircraft. As tempting as it can be to take them to help you sleep on the plane, they effectively immobilise you, increasing the risk of DVT dramatically due to blood pooling, usually in the lower part of the body. Click on some of our older blog posts below the best tips to battle jet lag without sleeping pills:
Oct 03, 2018 ISS Comments (0)
The airline industry is a growing 24/7 operation, boasting an estimated 39 million flights to be flown worldwide by the end of 2018. Flying passengers across the country, or even across the globe, can create a variety of different challenges for cabin crew, including extended duty periods, highly variable schedules, possible frequent time zone changes, and increased passenger loads.
A study has shown a link between the job characteristics of cabin crew and fatigue. The graph below is an indication of the main work factors that contribute to fatigue amongst cabin crew workers, according to union representatives. Long hours and lack of rest are seen as the main offenders.
Other factors that may contribute to cabin crew fatigue include, but are not limited to:
In 2016, a bill was pass that requires airlines to provide cabin crew with a minimum 10-hour rest period between shifts, matching the requirement for pilots. The bill also included a requirement for cabin crew to be included in Fatigue Risk Management Systems, which until that point was only applied to pilots.
In Australia, there are currently no civil aviation regulations governing duty times and rest requirements for cabin crew. Their duty limitations are set contractually, and minimum standards are set by the country in which the cabin crew are employed. Cabin crew are our first responders to a safety event - is it time they are included in fatigue regulations?
Join us in Singapore for our Fatigue Management & Human Factors in our 24-hour Society event in March 2019 to find out more about fatigue management
in aviation. For more information on cabin crew fatigue, contact us via